Patentable subject matters related to 5G in China

Codi Saxon

5G conversation technological know-how has brought sizeable advancements to our lives owing to its great properties this kind of as extremely-substantial pace and ultra-lower delay. The contributors to the technologies fairly hope to advantage from their contributions in organization. An essential way is to search for patent protections for their […]

5G conversation technological know-how has brought sizeable advancements to our lives owing to its great properties this kind of as extremely-substantial pace and ultra-lower delay.

The contributors to the technologies fairly hope to advantage from their contributions in organization. An essential way is to search for patent protections for their contributions. A very good patent portfolio for 5G shall be very valuable in business enterprise. Patentable subject matters connected to the know-how in specific jurisdictions are usually the 1st thing to consider for a patent applicant to receive a great patent portfolio.

Eligibility of topic matters associated to 5G

5G is a new era of radio conversation know-how. Identical to 3G or 4G, most subject matter issues for patent programs relate to 5G include interaction policies, which may possibly surface like regulations of psychological activity, but the communication guidelines are commonly subject to organic legislation these as all-natural attributes of radio resources and as a result are typically patentable.

In exercise, patent programs connected to 4G or 5G are seldom rejected because of to eligibility problems. Nonetheless, it continue to requirements to be comprehended that rules of mental activity these types of as pure algorithms or pure business enterprise methods are not patentable in China. For example, some patent purposes related to 5G contain charging or administration methods, which may well be thought of as pure organization solutions.

According to the Patent Regulation of China, eligible issue matters for patents are complex alternatives. If a matter subject requires specialized usually means working with purely natural laws to solve a technical challenge and therefore acquire a specialized influence, the resolution of the matter make any difference falls below technical methods.

On the opposite, a subject subject not made up of any specialized attributes would be deemed as a rule of psychological activity rather than a complex remedy. Pure algorithms or enterprise solutions are normal principles of mental action.

In the subject of 5G, for instance, if a new transmission body framework is built for transmitting indicators, when deciding irrespective of whether this creation is patentable, it should be deemed no matter whether the building of the new body works by using natural guidelines.

Generally, a new transmission frame composition is intended to improve transmission efficiency. Underneath the circumstance, the body construction will have to be created dependent on all-natural qualities of the radio transmitting signals. Thus, the invention with the new transmission frame is patentable. As yet another example, if a new charging method is intended for a 5G process and the new charging approach expenses a lot more for a new consumer than an old user, the new charging approach is in fact a business strategy, which does not use any pure laws and so is not patentable.

Claim drafting for issue issues related to 5G

According to the Patent Law of China, a assert may possibly be drafted as a product assert or a system assert. A ‘product’ typically ought to be a tangible product.

Intangible objects this kind of as radio waves or transmission frames are not allowable topic matters for statements. Consequently, statements for patent applications relevant to 5G are usually drafted as transmission procedures or apparatuses this sort of as cell stations or base stations.

Having the higher than invention of a new transmission body framework as an illustration, it is not allowable to draft ‘a transmission frame’ or ‘a transmission frame structure’ as a topic issue of a assert, but it is advisable to draft as a transmission strategy working with these types of a frame construction or a cell station transmitting indicators with these a body framework.

Even further, a massive part of issue issues associated to 5G are executed by application or software package in combination with hardware. For people subject matter matters involving computer software, in accordance to the present Chinese Patent Examination Recommendations, the claims can be drafted as a strategy, an equipment, or a laptop readable medium storing laptop or computer courses.

Currently, a program products alone is not an allowable matter matter in China. Having said that, the Evaluation Tips are less than revision for this problem. A draft revision for the Evaluation Suggestions was produced on August 10 2021 for the general public to supply opinions.

In this draft, a system merchandise is additional as an suitable subject matter make any difference for promises thinking of more and extra program products and solutions are not stored in a area storage but are stored in cloud storage servers or in a type of dynamic bit streams. These kinds of a declare can be drafted as ‘a computer system method merchandise comprising computer system programs’.

This draft of revision will in all probability be passed by the end of this year. Then, an creation associated to software can be at minimum drafted as four matter matters. Getting the higher than invention of a new transmission body framework as an illustration, the following four topic matters can be claimed for 1 facet (e.g. the cellular station aspect):

“1. A conversation process comprising: transmitting indicators with a transmission body, whereby (the composition of the transmission body is defined here)…”, “2. A mobile station comprising: a transmission section configured to transmit signals with a transmission body, wherein…”, “3. A personal computer readable medium storing personal computer programs which, when executed by a processor, accomplishing methods of: transmitting signals with a transmission body, wherein…”, and “4. A personal computer software products comprising personal computer applications which, when executed by a processor, carrying out methods of: transmitting signals with a transmission body, wherein…”. Equivalent promises can also be drafted for the base station aspect and/or a conversation method.

In summary, eligibility of subject matter issues similar to 5G is usually not a dilemma in China simply because most of the subject matter issues entail technological features making use of all-natural regulations this sort of as natural homes of radio sources. In addition to, various types of boasting those subject matter matters are allowed in China to offer enough security for the 5G know-how.


Yanan Deng
Patent lawyer
Liu Shen & Associates
T: +86 10 6268 1616
E: [email protected]

Yanan Deng joined Liu, Shen & Associates in 2013 and turned a competent patent attorney in 2013.

Yanan specialises in patent prosecution, re-assessment, patent investigation, patent look for and drafting with a aim on impression processing technologies, wireless communication, computer science, electronics and circuits, etc.


Jinlin Chen
Legal professional at law and patent lawyer
Liu Shen & Associates
T: +86 10 6268 1616
E: [email protected]

Jinlin Chen is an legal professional at regulation and patent legal professional with Liu Shen & Associates. He qualified as an legal professional at legislation in 2009 and as a patent lawyer in 2011.

Jinlin specialises in patent prosecution, invalidation and infringement dispute resolutions just before CNIPA and the courts, and counseling on patent issues in the fields of telecommunication, optics, electrics and electronics, personal computer science, semiconductor technological innovation between other people.

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